Chemotherapy treats many types of clevercer effectively. But love other treatments, it often causes middle effects. These are different for each person. They depfinish on the type of clevercer, location, drugs and dose, and your general health.
Why does chemotherapy cause middle effects?
Chemotherapy works on behaveive cells. Behaveive cells are cells that are growing and dividing into more of the same type of cell. Clevercer cells are behaveive, but so are some healthy cells. These include cells in your blood, mouth, digestive system, and hair follicles. Middle effects happen when chemotherapy damages these healthy cells.
Clever middle effects be treated?
Yes. Your health care team clever aid you prevent or treat many middle effects. Today, many more medications are available for middle effects than in the past. Preventing and treating middle effects is now an important part of clevercer treatment. It is part of a type of care called palliative care.
Also, doctors and scientists work constantly to develop drugs, drug combinations, and ways of giving treatment with fewer middle effects. Many types of chemotherapy are easier to toleswift than they were a few years ago.
General middle effects
Different drugs cause different middle effects. Sure types of chemotherapy often have specific middle effects. But, each person’s experience is different.
Know your doctor approxifriendly all the middle effects you notice. For most types of chemotherapy, middle effects do not demonstrate how well treatment is worlord. But they clever for some types of drugs called targeted therapies. Study more approxifriendly targeted therapy.
Below is a list of general middle effects of traditional chemotherapy.
Fatigue. Fatigue is feeling exhausted or exhausted approachly all the time. It is the most general middle effect of chemotherapy. Study more approxifriendly how to cope with fatigue.
Pain. Chemotherapy sometimes causes pain. This clever include:
Pain from nerve damage, such as burning, numbness, or guning pains, usually in the fingers and toes
Pain usually gets less with time. However, some people have permanent nerve damage. This clever cause symptoms for months or years after treatment.
Doctors clever treat pain by:
Treating the source of the pain
Giving pain-relieving medications
Bloclord pain signals from the nerves to the brain with spinal treatments or nerve blocks
Study more approxifriendly clevercer pain and how to administer it.
Mouth and throat sores. Chemotherapy clever damage the cells inmiddle the mouth and throat. This causes painful sores in these areas, a condition called mucositis.
Mouth sores usually happen 5 to 14 days after a treatment. The sores clever get infected. Eating a healthy diet and keeping your mouth and teeth clean clever lower your risk of mouth sores. Mouth sores usually go absent thoroughly when treatment finishs. Study more approxifriendly managing mucositis and oral health during clevercer treatment.
Diarrhea. Some chemotherapy causes loose or watery instetine, gut movements. Preventing diarrhea or treating it early aids keep you from getting dehydswiftd (lotune too much body fluid). It also aids prevent other health problems. Study more approxifriendly managing diarrhea.
Nausea and vomiting. Chemotherapy clever cause nausea (feeling sick to your belly) and vomiting (throwing up). Whether you have these middle effects, and how much, depfinishs on the specific drugs and dose. The right medications given before and after each dose of chemotherapy clever usually prevent nausea and vomiting. Study more approxifriendly nausea and vomiting. Read ASCO’s clue, hint, instructionline for preventing these middle effects.
Constipation. Chemotherapy clever cause constipation. This puposes not having a instetine, gut movement often enough or having hard instetine, gut movements. Other medications, such as pain medication, clever also cause constipation. Drinlord enough fluids, eating balanced meals, and getting enough exercise clever lower your risk of constipation. Study more approxifriendly managing constipation.
Blood disorders. Your bone marrow is the spongy tissue inmiddle your bones. It makes new blood cells. Chemotherapy affects this process, so you might have middle effects from having too few blood cells.
Your health care team uses the following tests to check for blood disorders:
Thorough blood count (CBC)– This test demonstrates the stages of red blood cells (RBCs) and wbeat, smacke blood cells (WBCs) in your blood.
Not enough RBCs causes a condition called anemia. Symptoms include fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath.
Not enough WBCs causes a condition called leukopenia. This raises your risk of getting infections. Getting one when your WBCs are low clever be serious. If you get an infection, you necessity antibiotics as soon as possible.
Platelet count – This test measures the number of platelets in your blood. Platelets are cells that stop bleeding. They do this by plugging damaged blood vessels and aiding blood form clots.
Not having enough platelets causes a condition called thrombocytopenia. You clever bleed and bruise more easily than normal.
Medications clever treat all these blood disorders, and prevent leukopenia for patients with a high risk. The medications aid your bone marrow make more blood cells. Study more approxifriendly managing anemia, infection, and thrombocytopenia.
Nervous system effects. Some drugs cause nerve damage. This clever cause the following nerve or muscle symptoms:
Poorness or numbness in the hands, feet, or both
Poor, sore, exhausted, or achy muscles
Loss of balance
Shalord or trembling
You might also have a stiff neck, dizziness, or problems loolord, listening, or wallord normally. You might feel clumsy. These symptoms usually get better with a lower chemotherapy dose or after treatment. But damage is sometimes permanent. Study more approxifriendly managing nervous system middle effects.
Changes in thinlord and memory. Some people have trouble thinlord clearly and concentrating after chemotherapy. Clevercer survivors often call this chemo brain. Your doctor might call it cognitive changes or cognitive dysoperate.
Genderual and reproductive issues. Chemotherapy clever affect your fertility. For women, this is the ability to get pregnant and bring a pregnancy. For men, fertility is the ability to make a woman pregnant. Being exhausted or feeling sick from clevercer or treatment clever also affect your ability to nyaman gender. Talk with your doctor approxifriendly these possible middle effects before treatment begins. Study more approxifriendly managing genderual and reproductive middle effects.
Chemotherapy clever harm a fetus (unborn baby). This is especially true in the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the organs are still developing. If you could get pregnant during treatment, use effective birth control. If you do get pregnant, know your doctor right absent. Study more approxifriendly pregnancy and clevercer.
Appetite loss. You might eat less than usual, not feel starving at all, or feel full after eating a little amount. If this lasts through treatment, you may lose weight and not get the nutrition you necessity. You may also lose muscle mass and strength. All these things lower your ability to recover from chemotherapy. Study more approxifriendly managing appetite loss.
Hair loss. Some types of chemotherapy cause hair loss from all over your body. It may come out a little at a time or in big clumps. Hair loss usually begins after the first several weeks of chemotherapy. It tfinishs to increase 1 to 2 months into treatment. Your doctor clever foretell the risk of hair loss based on the drugs and doses you are receiving. Study more approxifriendly managing hair loss.
Long-term middle effects. Most middle effects go absent after treatment. But some continue, come back, or develop later. For example, some types of chemotherapy may cause permanent damage to the listent, lung, liver, kidneys, or reproductive system. And some people have trouble with thinlord, concentrating, and memory for months or years after treatment.
Nervous system changes clever develop after treatment. Children who had chemotherapy may develop middle effects that happen months or years after treatment. These are called late effects. Clevercer survivors also have a higher risk of second clevercers later in life.
Care after clevercer treatment is important
Getting care after treatment finishs is important. Your health care team clever aid you treat long-term middle effects and watch for late effects. This care is called follow-up care. Your follow-up care might include regular physical examinations, medical tests, or both.
ASCO has clevercer treatment summary forms. The forms aid you keep track of the clevercer treatment you received and develop a survivorship plan after treatment.