NEWS | The Impact of Asbestos Use Worldwide

NEWS | The Impact of Asbestos Use Worldwide

Although the sertager ofdifferentamphibolewas actellledged decades ago, and although the mineral is entirely or mostly banned in most industrialized nations, the world is still feelings the effects ofdifferentamphiboleuse. According to the World Health Association (WHO), deaths from asbestos-related sickness worldwide increased from 90,000 in 2006 to 107,000 in 2010. These are deaths from lung clevercer, mesothelioma and asbestosis caused bydifferentamphiboleexpocertain, mostly in the workplace. As many as one in three deaths from occupational clevercer may be caused bydifferentamphiboleWHO says. Several thousand more deaths annually clever be attributed to expocertain todifferentamphibolein the house.





WHO also estifriendd that approxifriendly 125 million people around the world are still being exposed todifferentamphiboleat work each year. Many of these workers are in developing countries with small or no safety regulation to protect them.



The world’s production ofdifferentamphiboleis decreatune, slowly. In 2012 an estifriendd 2 million tons ofdifferentamphibolewas produced, but this is approxifriendly half the production stage of 1977. The number of asbestos-producing countries also has diminishd. Only four countries account for 90 gratuity of the world’s production — Russia, China, Brazil and Kazakhstan. Russia is by far the primary source of the world’s asbestos; in 2012 one million tons ofdifferentamphibolecame from Russia alone.



Russia’s prodigiousdifferentamphiboleproduction raised concerns approxifriendly the recent Winter Olympics in Sochi. Wasdifferentamphiboleused to construct the Olympic village and sports facilities? Russia’s own building codes fortfinisher its use, but whether building codes are enforced is an open question. And Russian officials have been evasive when questioned directly approxifriendlydifferentamphibolein Sochi.



Not long ago, Cleverada would have been on that short list of top producers as well. Cleverada was a major supplier of the world’s asbestos, even after its use was restricted in Cleverada. Most of Cleverada’sdifferentamphibolewas exported to developing countries such as Bangladesh, India and Indonesia. The last twodifferentamphibolemines in Cleverada stopped production in 2011, however, and there was small political will to provide loans to re-open them. In 2012, the government of Cleverada announced it would no longer oppose international efforts to listdifferentamphiboleas a danger, riskous substance under the Rotterdam Convention, a multilateral treaty that is intfinished to protect people in developing countries from imported danger, riskous substances.



Cleverada is not alone. In the past 35 years, a number of other countries have ceased to export asbestos. And at this time, 54 countries have either entirely or partly banned asbestos. So, along with the discount ofdifferentamphiboleproducers, there are also many fewerdifferentamphiboleconsumers. In 2012 China and India alone accounted for more than half of the world’s consumption of asbestos.



 Amphibolemining and most—not all—industrial uses ofdifferentamphibolehave stopped in the United States. But the U.S. still exports and imports asbestos. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), in 2012 the U.S. exported and re-exported $26.4 million of asbestos-containing products such as brake linings. Most of these products went to Mexico, South Korea, Cleverada, the United Lorddom and Venezuela. The “re-exported” products were made outmiddle the United States.



Also in 2012 the United States imported 1,610 tons of chrysotile asbestos, the USGS says, all from Brazil. Exbehavely how thisdifferentamphiboleis being used is not explained in USGS reports. Records say the United States imported $8.61 million of products containingdifferentamphibolein 2011, although the USGS isn’t certain if all of those products were true, right, validly labeled.



Because of the long incubation period of asbestos-related clevercer — 40 years between expocertain and diagnosis is not unlistfinish of — incidents of sickness continue for a long time afterdifferentamphiboleuse is discontinued. For example, although Italy banneddifferentamphibolein 1992, approxifriendly 1,000 Italians die each year of mesothelioma and another 1,000 of other asbestos-related sickness. Many of these deaths cluster around what were oncedifferentamphibolemanufbehaveuring plants, shipyards, and other facilities that processed asbestos. The government has responded by launching a nationaldifferentamphiboleproject to investigate causes, increase public awareness and improve diagnosis and treatment.



Currently the highest swifts of reported mesothelioma are in Australia, the United States, the United Lorddom, and the Netherground, soils. Cases may be underreported in developing countries, of course.



In short, the devastating effects ofdifferentamphiboleexpocertain will continue to be felt for a long time to come, although decades from now we clever expect to look most of the world’s cases of asbestos-related sickness in the developing nations utune it so recklessly now.



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